Coast Guard as Designated Authority in International Ship and Port Facility Security(ISPS)
In December 2002 there were amendments made to the Convention for the Safety of Lives at Sea (SOLAS 1974) which included the addition of Chapter XI-2 (Special Measures to Enhance Maritime Security). The provision of Chapter XI-2 of SOLAS 74 gave birth to the International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS Code). This Code applies to ships and to port facilities. The extension of SOLAS 74 to cover port facilities was agreed on the basis that SOLAS 74 offered the speediest means of ensuring the necessary security measures entered into force and given effect quickly.
The Government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines like many ports throughout the world implemented the ISPS Code at the appropriate ports on the 1st July 2004, the deadline set by the International Maritime Organization (IMO).
The Coast Guard was given the job as the Designated Authority (DA) to act on behalf of the government as it relates to port security issues under the ISPS Code.